Antarctica – Overview:
Antarctica is defined as all land and ice shelves south of 60° S for the purposes of the Treaty System. The treaty was signed by twelve countries including the Soviet Union (and later Russia), the United Kingdom, Argentina, Chile, Australia, and the United States. It is an ice-covered landmass and the southernmost continent. The number of people conducting and supporting scientific research and other work on the continent and its nearby islands varies from about 1,000 in winter to about 5,000 in the summer.
Image from Castle Rock loop trail. Castle Rock is a bold rock crag, 415 metres (1,360 ft) high, standing 3 miles (5 km) northeast of Hut Point on the central ridge of Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island. It was discovered by the British National Antarctic Expedition of 1901–04, under Robert Falcon Scott.
You can discover over fifty recent news articles from the Associated Press relating to this continent’s organizations and explorers who visit this cold land of great beauty.
What does an Antarctic research station look like?
Here, in this example, we look at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station which sits at the Earth’s axis, atop a constantly shifting continental ice sheet several miles thick. This station was established by United States in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year.
See: the South Pole webcam
NSF – Office of Polar Programs
NSF – Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station
NSF – South Pole Station Special Report
NSF in the Antarctic
Significant U.S. Science Discoveries from Antarctica
The Antarctic Sun, Science Section
Related: Research stations in Antarctica
Resources for teaching:
Last updated: 04/06/18